Statement by Minna-Liina Lind, Deputy Permanent Representative of Estonia to the UN at the GA Debate on the Report of the Peacebuilding Commission on its 10th Session and on the Report of the Secretary-General on the Peacebuilding Fund, 20 Aprilli
Statement by Minna-Liina Lind, Deputy Permanent Representative of Estonia to the UN at the General Assembly Debate on the Report of the Peacebuilding Commission on its Tenth Session and on the Report of the Secretary-General on the Peacebuilding Fund
New York, 20 April 2017
Thank you for convening the meeting on the Annual Report of the Peacebuilding Commission and on the Peacebuilding Fund, this gives an opportunity to reflect on peacebuilding related activities during last year and in the future. Estonia aligns itself with the statement delivered by the European Union.
Almost a year ago, the General Assembly and the Security Council adopted resolutions on the Review of the Peacebuilding Architecture. This was a landmark achievement as the concept of “sustaining peace” was introduced, recognizing the comprehensive and integrated approach addressing peacebuilding, going beyond the post-conflict phase and including all stages of conflict. As recent reviews of the United Nations peace-related activities had concluded, there was an urgent need to put prevention at the core of the United Nation’s work. In this regard, we fully support the Secretary General´s vision on Conflict Prevention and Sustaining Peace outlined at the beginning of this year.
For effective peace building and sustaining peace, it is essential to integrate peace and security, human rights and development approaches. None of the United Nations three mandates could be achieved without the other. It is therefore important to invest in democracy, good governance and the rule of law as political exclusion is among the most common causes that lead to violent conflict. Equally, the protection of human rights and respecting fundamental freedoms are the basis for sustaining peace and achieving equal, equitable and progressive societies.
The resolutions on the Review of the Peacebuilding Architecture restated important mandates for the Peacebuilding Commission concerning countries in the transition period. We welcome the comprehensive report of the Peacebuilding Commission´s tenth session as the first summary of the implementation of the recommendations contained in the resolutions. We would like to commend Ambassador Macharia Kamau, Permanent Representative of Kenya for his leadership and work as the Chair of the Commission last year.
Estonia became a member of the Peacebuilding Commission this year and we would like to express our full support to the current chair of Commission, Ambassador Cho Tae-yul, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Korea in his efforts to re-energize the Commission´s work.
Estonia supports a broader focus of the Peacebuilding Commission, including regional approach and addressing cross cutting issues, strengthening the bridging role between the General Assembly, Security Council and ECOSOC, and improving PBC´s advisory role to these bodies. We are convinced that for effective peacebuilding, the United Nations system needs to work in a more integrated, flexible and coordinated manner, both at country level and at headquarters. We therefore support the efforts to link the reform of the UN´s Peace and Security architecture with the reform of the UN Development System that would contribute to the "One UN" vision.
Furthermore, gender aspect and empowerment of women is critical for sustaining peace. We welcome the adoption of the PBC`s gender strategy last year. The engagement of women from the early stages of prevention, resolving crises, peacebuilding and securing peace reduces the probability of relapses to violent conflict and leads to more durable peace agreements.
Additionally, predictable financing is an essential component of peacebuilding activities. Estonia contributes to the Peacebuilding Fund and we are glad that the Fund has shown substantial results. A greater cooperation between the Peacebuilding Commission and Peacebuilding Fund should be achieved in the future.
Last but not least, close partnerships between the UN and international, regional and sub-regional organisations, and international financial institutions are essential to address the challenge of sustaining peace. We especially welcome reinforcing collaboration with the World Bank and African Union.
Estonia looks forward to continue working in the Peacebuilding Commission and we would also like to thank the Peacebuilding Support Office for its outstanding work in supporting the work of the Commission.
I thank you.