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Statement by H.E. Mr. Sven Jürgenson, Permanent Representative of Estonia to the UN at the United Nations Security Council Open Debate on The global effort to prevent the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction by non-state actors, 28 June 2017

28.06.2017

Mr President, Distinguished Colleagues,

Estonia aligns itself with the statement to be made by the European Union.

First, we would like to thank Bolivia for convening an open debate on this relevant and more pressing topic than ever.

We fully agree that the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and its means of delivery constitute serious threats to international peace and security. These threats are continuously evolving, including due to the fast developments in science, technology and international commerce. The risk of state or non-state actors, particularly terrorists, acquiring and seeking to develop weapons of mass destruction is particularly worrisome, and unfortunately, we have already seen these risks materialising. Toxic chemicals have repeatedly been used as weapons in Syria and new credible allegations were reported by the OPCW. OPCW-UN Joint Investigative Mechanism attributed the responsibility for series of chemical weapons attacks to both the Syrian Armed Forces and terrorists. The threatening and destabilizing actions of the DPRK represent a serious threat to international peace and security and undermine the global non-proliferation and disarmament regime.

We therefore, need to redouble our efforts at national, regional and global level to prevent non-state actors from acquiring sensitive materials and technologies. We believe that the key to effective counter-proliferation is universal adherence and full implementation of multilateral disarmament and non-proliferation treaties and agreements. We also have to strive for making progress towards strengthening the existing instruments and regimes.   We strongly support the multilateral disarmament, non-proliferation and arms control treaties such as the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC), the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). We also stand ready for the immediate commencement and early conclusion of the negotiation of a treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices (FMCT). We welcome the establishment of the High Level Expert Preparatory Group, whose mandate is to make recommendations on substantial elements for a future Treaty.

Mr President,

UN Security Council Resolution 1540 remains the fundamental pillar and a key preventive instrument for a cooperative approach seeking to help Member States to develop capabilities to face evolving threats in the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.  I would like to reaffirm Estonia´s readiness to implement in a proactive manner the resolution 1540, as set out in resolution 2325 and the Comprehensive Review report. We believe that effective implementation entails effective legal enforcement and export controls. We also attach high importance to the existing multilateral export control regimes. We continue to contribute to a number of global and regional non-proliferation initiatives as GICNT and PSI. We also continue supporting the resolution 1540 by sharing our experience and knowledge in the area of export control of dual-use items. Every step promoting transparency and greater responsibility contributes this way to broader capacity building of interested States.

Thank you, Mr President.

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